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21 March 2024,05:55

Daily Market AnalysisMarket Insights

Dollar Dive on Fed’s Dovish Statement

21 March 2024, 05:55

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Market Summary

The Federal Reserve announced its decision to maintain interest rates in the range of 5.25% to 5.50%, consistent with market expectations. However, Fed Chair Jerome Powell’s subsequent dovish statement indicated a commitment to rate cuts later this year, despite recent signs of inflationary pressure, as evidenced by last week’s Producer Price Index (PPI) reading. This dovish stance exerted downward pressure on the dollar index (DXY), which declined by as much as 0.6%, while simultaneously propelling gold prices to a peak of $2222.90. Geopolitical uncertainties, particularly in regions such as Russia and Israel, combined with Japan’s recent rate hike, have contributed to heightened market risk and bolstered demand for gold as a safe-haven asset. 

Meanwhile, oil prices experienced an uptick following the release of the American Petroleum Institute (API) crude inventories data, which revealed a significant decline in stockpiles. This positive data pushed oil prices towards the $84 mark. Additionally, the Japanese Yen strengthened for the first time in eight days as investors assessed the potential interest rate divergence between Japan and the United States.

Current rate hike bets on 1st May Fed interest rate decision

Source: CME Fedwatch Tool

0 bps (90.0%) VS -25 bps (10%)  

Market Overview

market overview price chart 21 March 2024

Economic Calendar

(MT4 System Time)

economic calendar 21 March 2024

Source: MQL5 

Market Movements

dollar index dxy price chart 21 March 2024


The Dollar Index witnessed a significant downturn as the Federal Reserve reaffirmed its commitment to maintaining a dovish monetary policy stance, contrary to market expectations. Fed Chair Jerome Powell’s emphasis on the necessity of further economic data before considering any rate adjustments prompted investors to engage in profit-taking activities. All eyes now turn to forthcoming monetary policy decisions as analysts recalibrate their rate cut projections in response to the Fed’s cautious approach.

The Dollar Index is trading lower while currently testing the support level. MACD has illustrated increasing bearish momentum, while RSI is at 38, suggesting the index might extend its losses after breakout below the support level. 

Resistance level: 103.70, 104.45

Support level:103.05, 102.55

XAU/USD gold price chart 21 March 2024


Gold prices experienced a sharp upturn following the Federal Reserve’s reiteration of its intention to implement rate cuts throughout 2024, despite recent inflationary pressures. Fed officials underscored their view of current inflation levels as manageable and outlined a roadmap for further rate reductions totalling 100 basis points over the next two years. This dovish stance led to a decline in US Treasury yields, spurring heightened demand for gold as investors sought to hedge against potential currency devaluation.

Gold prices are trading higher following the prior breakout above the previous resistance level. However, MACD has illustrated diminishing bullish momentum, while RSI is at 76, suggesting the commodity might enter overbought territory. 

Resistance level: 2235.00, 2250.00

Support level: 2150.00, 2080.00

GBP/USD price chart 21 March 2024


The GBP/USD pair saw a robust rebound, driven primarily by a weakening dollar following the Federal Reserve’s interest rate decision. Initially, the Sterling faced downward pressure following a disappointing UK Consumer Price Index (CPI) report. However, it later rallied strongly in response to a dovish statement from the Federal Reserve, which underscored the U.S. central bank’s intention to cut rates within the year, placing downward pressure on the dollar.

GBP/USD recorded a rebound from its support level at near 1.2700 levels, suggesting a trend reversal signal for the pair. The RSI rebounded sharply to near the overbought zone while the MACD crossed above the zero line, suggesting a bullish momentum is forming. 

Resistance level: 1.2880, 1.2940

Support level: 1.2770, 1.2700

EUR/USD price chart 21 March 2024


The EUR/USD pair has experienced a notable rebound from its March lows, indicating a potential trend reversal. This sharp rise comes as the U.S. dollar weakened significantly following dovish remarks from the Federal Reserve’s Chair, which hinted at a forthcoming rate cut within the year despite persistent inflation concerns in the U.S. Additionally, the forthcoming release of the Eurozone’s Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) data today is anticipated to further influence the pair’s movement.

EUR/USD rebounded sharply and is approaching its recent high at 1.0955. The RSI rebounded sharply to near the overbought zone, while the MACD has broken above the zero line, suggesting bullish momentum has formed. 

Resistance level: 1.0960, 1.1040

Support level: 1.0866, 1.0775

USD/JPY price chart 21 March 2024


The Japanese yen saw a robust rally as the Federal Reserve restated its commitment to future rate cuts extending into 2024, prompting a decline in US Treasury yields. With the yield differential between US and Japanese bonds narrowing, the appeal of carry trades diminished, prompting investors to redirect capital back into the yen. With market attention now centred on interest rate disparities, the yen’s upward trajectory may persist in the short term.

USD/JPY is trading lower following the prior breakout below the support level. MACD has illustrated increasing bearish momentum, while RSI is at 56, suggesting the pair might extend its losses since the RSI retreated sharply from overbought territory. 

Resistance level: 150.80, 151.95

Support level: 149.35, 147.05

AUD/USD price chart 21 March 2024


The AUD/USD pair recorded a significant rebound, surging over 1.50% in the previous session as the U.S. dollar encountered pronounced selling pressure. This downward trend in the U.S. dollar is largely attributed to a dovish stance taken by the Federal Reserve. Concurrently, the Australian dollar found additional support from robust job data out of Australia, with both employment change and the unemployment rate surpassing expectations, further strengthening its position against the U.S. dollar.

The AUD/USD pair rebounded sharply and is approaching its high at 0.6640. The RSI is on the brink of breaking into the overbought zone, while the MACD is breaking above the zero line, which suggests strong bullish momentum is forming.

Resistance level:0.6640, 0.6680

Support level: 0.6590, 0.6540

crude oil price chart 21 March 2024


Crude oil prices initially faced downward pressure amidst heightened market uncertainty and risk aversion preceding the Federal Reserve’s policy announcement. However, a modest recovery ensued during early Asian trading hours following a dovish stance from the Fed and positive inventory data. Notably, Energy Information Administration (EIA) statistics revealed a larger-than-anticipated decline in US crude oil inventories, offering a supportive factor for oil prices amid ongoing market fluctuations.

Oil prices are trading higher following the prior rebound from the support level. MACD has illustrated diminishing bearish momentum, while RSI is at 53, suggesting the commodity might extend its gains toward resistance level since the RSI rebounded sharply from overbought territory. 

Resistance level: 82.85, 84.10

Support level: 80.20, 78.00

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